The 13 Most Popular & In-Demand Programming Languages in 2023

Tech Industry
Written by:
App Academy
Published on:
January 5, 2024
team of professionals working on a computer

Unlock the power of coding! Whether for startups, career growth, or unleashing creativity, learn why coding is transformative. Explore the 13 most popular and in-demand programming languages of 2023.

Whether you aspire to launch a tech startup, enhance your current career, or explore your creative side, learning to code could be the transformative step you've been looking for. In this article, we’ll discuss why we recommend learning to code and list the 13 most popular and in-demand languages you need to know.

Why Learn to Code?

There are many benefits of learning how to code. First and foremost, coding empowers you to be a creator, transforming your innovative ideas into functional software, websites, or apps. It cultivates problem-solving skills, helping you tackle complex challenges with logical thinking. Moreover, coding is a high-demand skill in today's job market, offering promising career prospects and higher earning potential.

Coding fosters continuous learning and adaptability so you can stay relevant in a rapidly evolving tech landscape. Many coders find supportive networks to collaborate, share knowledge, and build lifelong relationships within the coding community. And best of all, anyone can learn to code at any point. It’s never too early or too late!

The Most In-Demand Programming Languages This Year

There are many programming languages out there. Here’s a run-down of the ones most likely to be useful to you no matter what career path you choose.


Python is one of the most popular and in-demand programming languages of 2023. It’s widely used in web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.

The rise of data science and machine learning has boosted the demand for Python. Its versatility and ease of learning make it a preferred choice for many companies. Its extensive library support and community development also contribute to its popularity. For instance, developers can take advantage of rich resources such as the PyPI (the Python Package Index) to access libraries with thousands of packages suitable for various projects.

Python has become increasingly popular because it can quickly develop prototypes or build complex applications. Companies utilize Python's features, such as Django – a web framework – to create sophisticated websites with little effort.

Learn More About Python Programming:


HTML is the most common language used for creating web pages. It enables developers to create websites quickly and efficiently without having to learn complex coding languages since it’s well known for its easy-to-learn syntax.

What’s more, HTML is widely supported by web browsers, allowing developers to create cross-platform web applications that are accessible from any device. This allows businesses to reach a broader customer base with their services and products. Additionally, HTML can be used for creating mobile apps as it is compatible with mobile platforms like iOS and Android. This means that companies can offer their services on multiple devices without writing separate codes for each one.

HTML also offers powerful features such as page layout control, multimedia support, dynamic content loading, and browser compatibility checks, making it a versatile programming language. With the help of these features, developers can create visually appealing websites and applications with ease. Furthermore, HTML allows developers to incorporate user input into their projects via forms and other interactive elements, making it an ideal choice for building dynamic websites or applications with user interaction capabilities.

Read More:


The popularity of CSS as a programming language is evident in its widespread use in web development projects. It has become the go-to language for creating visually stunning websites with minimal effort and maximum efficiency. From its ability to create responsive designs that adjust to various devices to its dynamic styling options, which allow developers to update their websites according to content changes quickly, CSS is a potent tool for web developers of all levels.

Learn More About CSS:


JavaScript is used primarily for web development, server-side programming, mobile app development, game development, and more. It's a scripting language that empowers websites with animations, real-time updates, and user interactivity. From online forms to intricate web applications, JavaScript fuels the modern web. 

Its popularity rests on its indispensability, its compatibility with all major browsers, and its role in front-end and back-end development. Almost every website employs JavaScript, making it a fundamental skill for aspiring developers. 

It's versatile and applicable to web, mobile, and even desktop applications. Mastering JavaScript unlocks pathways to creating robust, user-centric applications.

Learn More About JavaScript:


TypeScript is an open-source programming language developed by Microsoft in 2012 and has quickly gained popularity due to its ability to develop large, complex applications. It’s a superset of JavaScript, adding features and capabilities unavailable in the original language. TypeScript enables developers to write more reliable code with fewer bugs and errors. This makes it popular with enterprise-scale software developers who need robust code for their projects.

In addition to better reliability, TypeScript offers improved scalability and performance compared to JavaScript for larger projects. This makes it an attractive choice for businesses looking for fast results backed by reliable code. That’s why many companies have adopted TypeScript as their primary development language in 2023 — it can increase productivity while still providing quality results.

TypeScript’s cross-platform capabilities make it especially appealing for mobile app developers who want their apps to work on both Android and iOS devices without having to rewrite the code from scratch. It’s also easy to learn if you know some JavaScript, making transitioning from the original language relatively simple. And since TypeScript compiles into plain old JavaScript, there’s no need for extra overhead or additional costs associated with running the program.


Java has many powerful features that make it ideal for enterprise-scale applications and developing Android apps. Its scalability, reliability, and stability are unmatched, making it the perfect choice for businesses looking to develop large projects.

One of the main reasons behind Java's popularity is its wide usage on Android devices. Although iPhones are more popular in North America, Android phones are by far the most popular mobile platform today globally, making their support of Java essential for developers who want to create apps for these devices.  

Additionally, Java has built-in libraries and frameworks that allow developers to build robust applications with minimal effort rapidly. Furthermore, its extensive support from organizations such as Google and Oracle ensures that there will always be up-to-date tutorials available to help developers stay on top of new trends in development.

Java is also an incredibly versatile language; it can be used for web development (including server-side programming), mobile app development, game development, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), Internet of Things application development, embedded system design, etc., making it suitable for a variety of use cases and scenarios. Its popularity in different industries also serves as a testament to its versatility.

Java has strong open-source community support, which makes learning more accessible than ever before; beginners can access hundreds of tutorials online free of cost to get started with their projects quickly. This makes it even more attractive to businesses that need fast results without spending extra money on training their team or hiring external experts.

Learn More About Java:


Ruby has been gaining popularity in web development over the past few years. It’s praised for its ease of use and ability to quickly create high-quality applications with minimal effort. Its syntax is simple and intuitive, so even those without a programming background can quickly pick up the basics.

Ruby can be used to create everything from low-level back-end systems to complex front-end applications. This makes it an excellent choice for businesses that need to rapidly create web solutions or require more complex features than what HTML/CSS or JavaScript can offer.

Learn More: Ruby vs. JavaScript: Which Should You Learn First?

Ruby's versatility makes it attractive to many developers. It can be used for scripting tasks like automation, data analysis, text processing, and more sophisticated tasks such as machine learning algorithms and natural language processing (NLP). Furthermore, many libraries in Ruby allow developers to extend existing functionality or create new features quickly — without having to write additional code from scratch.


Swift was created by Apple, and in recent years, it has revolutionized software development in iOS, Macs, Apple Watches, and more. Its intuitive design makes it easy to learn and use, allowing even those unfamiliar with programming to get up and running quickly. Additionally, its efficient capabilities allow for powerful applications that won't slow down the system or take up too much processing power. This makes it an ideal choice for developers looking to create reliable apps that will run quickly on any device.

Swift also offers strong compatibility with many existing frameworks and libraries, which allows developers to easily integrate components from other tools within their projects. Additionally, Swift simplifies the process of creating robust solutions without having to worry about errors or bugs during development.


Since its release in the 1980s, C++ has been a powerful and high-performance programming language. Its object-oriented design allows developers to create objects with attributes and methods that can interact with each other, making it ideal for complex applications. Additionally, its compatibility with existing frameworks like .NET makes it easy to incorporate components into projects without having to learn an entirely new language.

C++ is also cross-platform compatible, allowing applications built with it to be used across multiple operating systems without significant changes. This makes it suitable for various purposes, such as game engines, financial software, embedded systems design, and more. Moreover, strong community support makes getting help or accessing open-source libraries easier when needed.

Given its versatile features and excellent compatibility across many platforms, C++ remains one of the most popular programming languages in 2023 due to its robustness and demand amongst experienced developers who are familiar with using it effectively. It's a great choice for those looking for reliable results without spending too much time learning a new language or hiring experts from outside their organization.


SQL is a powerful, versatile language that allows developers to easily manage data in relational databases, making it an ideal choice for businesses looking for reliable data storage and retrieval.

SQL's power lies in its ability to make quick queries of large amounts of data with minimal effort, allowing developers to quickly develop efficient and accurate applications. With a range of libraries available, SQL makes it easy to create data-driven applications with minimal coding. Additionally, its compatibility with existing frameworks makes integrating components from other tools into projects straightforward.

The flexibility of SQL also means that it can be used for a wide variety of tasks, from creating simple web pages and developing complex web applications to managing large databases or performing artificial intelligence tasks. It’s also simple enough for anyone with some coding experience to learn quickly.

Learn More: The Best SQL Certification and Programs


C# is a programming language that has been gaining traction in recent years due to its versatility and ability to be used for a wide variety of tasks. It can be easily used for web development, mobile app development, and game development. It provides developers with an object-oriented design, which allows them to create efficient and maintainable code. C# also offers powerful debugging tools, such as the Visual Studio debug mode, which makes it easier for developers to troubleshoot their applications.

C# is compatible with multiple platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS X, iOS, and Android. This makes it ideal for developing cross-platform applications that can run on any device or operating system. Additionally, C# has several libraries available that allow developers to quickly build powerful applications without having to learn all the details about each platform’s specific API. Its libraries extend existing functionality or help create new features quickly – making it great for businesses that want reliable results without spending too much time coding from scratch.

C# is a great language to learn to stay ahead of the curve in 2023. With its versatile capabilities and widespread use across many different industries – from finance to healthcare – learning this language will give you an edge over many other job candidates in the market today.


Kotlin is a modern, open-source programming language developed by the JetBrains team and officially supported by Google. It’s an expressive and concise language that combines the best features of both object-oriented and functional programming. 

Kotlin has snowballed in popularity since its first official release in 2016 and is now one of the top languages for developing Android, web, server-side applications, and more. It's easy to learn thanks to its readability, simple syntax, and support for multiple platforms, making it hugely popular among developers in 2023.

Kotlin stands out from other programming languages because it focuses on safety and productivity. It offers powerful features such as null safety (preventing crashes when handling 'null' values), data classes (for quickly creating objects with fields), extension functions (for quickly adding functionality to existing classes), type inference (allowing developers to omit unnecessary type declarations), coroutines (for asynchronous or non-blocking code execution) and much more. With all these features combined in one language, it's no wonder Kotlin is so popular among developers today!

The easy integration of Kotlin with existing projects also makes it an ideal choice for businesses looking to migrate their existing codebases or add new features quickly without having to rewrite everything from scratch. This allows them to get up and running faster without sacrificing quality or reliability. Additionally, Kotlin provides developers with an intuitive user interface when writing code, as well as debugging tools like breakpoints and variable watchlists.


Lisp is an incredibly powerful programming language that has evolved with the times. It's been around since 1958, and in recent years it's seen a resurgence due to its use in AI and ML. Lisp offers developers the ability to create complex applications quickly and efficiently. Its interactive development environment (IDE) also makes debugging more effortless than ever before. Its compatibility with popular AI toolsets like TensorFlow or Keras makes it an ideal choice for those looking towards a career in tech this year or beyond. 

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Programming Language

When you’re ready to dive into the world of coding, choosing the right programming language can significantly impact your journey. Your choice should align with your goals and projects, as well as considerations like security, scalability, and maintainability. 

Consider the Nature of Your Projects

Are you developing mobile apps, web applications, or perhaps diving into data analysis? Different languages are optimized for various tasks. For mobile app development, languages like Swift (iOS) or Kotlin (Android) excel. If web development is your focus, languages like JavaScript, Python, or Ruby may be more suitable.

Learn More: The Best Programming Languages for We Developement

Security and Maintainability

If you're dealing with sensitive data or building applications for industries like finance or healthcare, languages with solid security features, such as Java or C#, might be your go-to choices.

Learn More:

Scalability and Performance

These two qualities are essential, especially if you're working on applications that are expected to handle high user loads. Languages like Java and C++ are known for their efficiency and scalability.

Your Learning Curve

Some languages, like Python and Ruby, have user-friendly syntax, making them great for beginners. On the other hand, languages like C++ or Lisp require more advanced understanding.

Learn More: The Easiest Programming Languages to Learn

Community and Resources Available

Languages with strong communities offer extensive documentation, libraries, and frameworks, easing your development journey. Python, JavaScript, Java, and Ruby are just some of the languages with robust and active online communities.

Develop Your Coding Skills at App Academy

At App Academy, we can teach you the languages you need to know to get started in the world of coding. Our comprehensive coding bootcamp curriculum includes some of today's most popular and in-demand programming languages, like Ruby, Python, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Sign up for a live online info session to learn more, or schedule a 1:1 call with one of our team experts. Start your software engineering career today with App Academy, and see how far you can go!


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